GSEHi.comgang stalking encyclopedia
† Professor Heinz Leymann (Ph. D. pedagogical psychology, Doctor of Medicine and psychiatrist) was the leading international expert on this topic.
His website is www.Leymann.se
There are several destructive activities:
They are the same, namely gang stalking.
Gang stalking looks more sophisticated than mobbing. The reason is that the world is more complex than the workplace. This results in more harassment opportunities.
Mobbing looks more sophisticated than bullying. The reason is that the workplace is more complex than a classroom.
Mobbing is more psychological while bullying is more physical. The reason is that it’s easier to get away with violence against a child.
Mobbing was first mentioned in 1966 in the book On aggression by † Professor Konrad Lorenz (Doctor of Medicine and Ph. D. zoology). He used it to describe the attacks from a group of smaller animals threatening a single larger animal.
Mobbing was first mentioned to describe harassment in schools in 1972 in the book Mobbing — group violence by children and adults by † Dr. Peter-Paul Heinemann (Doctor of Medicine).
Harassment at the workplace was first described in 1976 in the book The harassed worker by † Professor Carroll Brodsky (Doctor of Medicine, psychiatrist and anthropologist).
Mobbing was first mentioned to describe harassment at the workplace in 1984 in an article by † Professor Heinz Leymann (Ph. D. pedagogical psychology, Doctor of Medicine and psychiatrist).
In 1996 † Professor Heinz Leymann (Ph. D. pedagogical psychology, Doctor of Medicine and psychiatrist) published the first scientific article about mobbing.
Mobbing and psychological terror at workplaces (1990) by † Professor Heinz Leymann (Ph. D. pedagogical psychology, Doctor of Medicine and psychiatrist) (483.2 K, 8 pages).
The content and development of mobbing at work (1996) by † Professor Heinz Leymann (Ph. D. pedagogical psychology, Doctor of Medicine and psychiatrist) (831.6 K, 18 pages).
He designed a questionnaire for people who want to find out whether they are a victim.
Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror by www.antimobbing.eu (63.2 K, 2 pages).
Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror by Wikipedia (52.5 K, 2 pages).
In England and Australia they prefer the word bullying. In the USA and Europe bullying is used regarding school situations and mobbing is used regarding the workplace.
The distinction between conflict and mobbing does not focus on what is done or how it is done, but rather on the frequency and duration of whatever is done.
Personality has little effect on the development of conflict. This assumption has no support in the psychosocial literature. However, it is one of the most commonly claimed assumption to be found. A psychological question of great interest is, of course, why this assumption is still there despite all evidence that proves it false.
Mobbing is seldom overt instead it thrives on the use of rumor, innuendo, making inappropriate jokes, and public discrediting. What seems to traumatize the target the most are covert tactics used continuously and methodically. These methods often leave the target feeling as though mobbing is occurring, but without concrete evidence.
Who becomes a target?
Individuals who are devoted, loyal, creative, organized, cooperative and experienced professionals, seem to be at a higher likelihood to experience mobbing.
It is suggested that particularly creative individuals may often be subjected to mobbing because they promote new ideas which may challenge others.
Mobbing may begin out of jealousy over the superior competence of the target, envy over the target’s social skills or envy regarding the positive attitude of the target that attracts colleagues to them.
At times mobbing is done as a bully revels in animosity, gaining pleasure from the excitement that it creates, giving the bully what Westhues calls “the euphoria of collective attack.”
Checklist of mobbing indicators by Kenneth Westhues (23.8 K, 2 pages).
Die 45 Mobbing-Handlungen nach Leymann by www.psychokrieg.de (26.1 K, 2 pages).
Katalog der 100+ Mobbinghandlungen by M. Wolmerath (15.0 K, 9 pages).
Measuring exposure to bullying and harassment at work: validity, factor structure and psychometric properties of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised by Staale Einarsena, Helge Hoelb, Guy Notelaers (290.0 K, 22 pages).
The unkindly art of mobbing by Kenneth Westhues (119.4 K, 2 pages).
What is workplace bullying? by Tim Field (185.5 K, 7 pages).
Mobbing and suppression: footprints of their relationships by Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Saint Martin (265.6 K, 10 pages).
Victims of mobbing and bullying often develop permanent personality change:
Victims of mobbing and bullying often develop post-traumatic stress syndrome.
There are 6 degrees of PTSD:
The individual has witnessed a serious threat against persons or property.
At least one of the following:
At least three of the following:
At least two of the following:
The disturbance must be present for at least one month (with symptoms according to the above-mentioned groups B, C and D).
The disturbance has major influence on daily family and occupational life and other social events.
We suppose that mobbing and bullying are responsible for a large share of all suicides, probably 80%.
See the Study by the JAMA Pediatrics Network in 2013.
© 2012-2018 Cliff Huylebroeck